Weaving is the process of creating fabrics by weaving longitudinal and transverse strands into a regular arrangement, commonly known as warp and weft. The operation performed on a machine is called weaving. The two sets of yarns are often intertwined at right angles to each other. One of these sets, called the warp, runs along the length of the weaving machine, the other, known as the weft, is applied crosswise. Increasing and decreasing the row of warp filaments in a variety of rows may give texture structures.

Specifications How the weft yarn is added Weaving Machine Type
Great for all weaving applications. Vibration and noise are serious problems of this machine and it is difficult to achieve high speed operation in this machine. The weft yarn is added through the fourth movement and the back movement of the shuttle. Looms with shuttle
It is a flexible weaving machine, but it has a lot of noise and at high speeds, its performance is limited. A weaving cartridge grips the warp thread and adds it. Projectile Weaving Machine
It is a flexible weaving machine, but it has a lot of noise and at high speeds, its performance is limited. Two strips are received in the center of the fabric and passed over the yarn. The capture method is the most popular method and is then divided into two other types, namely the strip method and the polar method. Rapier Loom
High-speed operation is possible, as water uses only filament yarns (synthetic fabrics) that can be woven. A jet of water is used to add yarn. Waterjet Weaving Machine
High-speed operation is possible. In the presence of this jet, the most popular type of weaving machine and its functions are performed in general. An air jet is used to add weft yarn. Airjet Weaving Machine


The Shuttle Loom Machine is the oldest type of such machines that uses a shuttle that includes a spool of filler threads. These strands appear through a hole in the side. Loom becomes batting in the middle of the loom machine during this process, leaving a trail of filler at a weft insertion rate of about 110 to 2250 ppm. Although this machine is very efficient and multifunctional, it is slow and noisy. Shuttle loom sometimes causes abrasions on the warp yarns and at other times breaks the strands. As a result, the machine must be stopped to tie the broken threads.


Many types of other machines are used for weaving, including Projectile, Rapier, Waterjet and Airjet weaving machines.


In this machine type, the yarn is trapped by a fitted jaw(s) in a projectile, then the yarn is pushed forward through the yarn opening. This machine has a small hook-like device that traps the filler yarn. This machine is sometimes known as a throwing weaver machine because it weaves by a series of small balls such as projectiles that hold the weft yarn and carry it through the warp yarn opening. It then returns it blank.

All filler yarns are embedded on the same side of the weaving machine. A special machine for folding and sewing the fabric in parallel keeps the ends of the wefts in a place at the edge of the fabric to the edge of the fabric. This loom machine needs the uniformity and smoothness of the yarn, which must be measured properly to reduce friction. The projectile weaving machine can produce up to 300 ppm and has less noise than the loom weaving machine.


Rapier loom machines are machines in which the thread-carrying methods are fixed by means of a warp thread opening, at the end of a rigid rod or in a flexible belt that is positively actuated. The rapier loom may have only one double-sided operating gripper to carry the warp across the entire width, with only one centrally stored warp or two operating grippers on the various sides of the machine.

Rapier looms are manufactured in various types. Their prototype models use a long rapier machine that moves the yarn from side to side along the width of the weaving machine. Another type of this machine has two grippers, each on the other side of the machine. They may be brittle, flexible or telescopic.

A gripper feeds half of the warp through the openings of the warp threads to the arm on the other side, which reaches the other half of the warp in the middle of the path and carries it.

Rapier weaving machines are highly efficient and their speed range varies from 200 to 260 ppm. These machines can produce a variety of fabrics, such as muslin fabrics, curtain fabrics and even sofa fabrics.AP


In a waterjet weaving machine, a waterjet is pushed forward through the opening of the warp yarn with the force acting on the filler yarn on the other side.

In this type of machine, the pre-measured length of warp yarn is carried through a water jet through the machine. These weaving machines are very fast and increase their speed up to 600 ppm and also have very little noise. They do not stretch much on the filler yarn.

When the fabric is stretchless, a very high quality of yarn is required for effective operation. Also, only yarns that are easily absorbable can be used to create fabrics on waterjet weaving machines, such as acetate filament yarns, nylon, polyester, and glass. Also, this machine can produce high quality fabrics that have a good look and feel.


An air jet loom is an air jet that is visualized in the middle of the warp yarn with a force that exerts the filler yarn on the other side, a jet of air to propel the warp through the warp at speeds. Used above 600 ppm. Some uniform warp yarns are needed to create fabrics on this weaving machine.

Heavier yarns are also suitable for airjet weaving machines, as it is very difficult to control light fabrics through the warp yarn opening. Also, very heavy yarns cannot be transported through an air jet through the machine. Despite these limitations, the airjet weaving machine can produce a wide variety of fabrics.


These machines are especially used to create tubular fabrics over flat fabrics. A loom machine inside the machine causes the warp to rotate through the warp yarn formed within the machine. Circular loom is mainly used to produce bag fabric materials.


The multiphase weaving machine can form many different openings in different phases, so it will be able to join a large number of filler threads, one after the other.


This type of weaving machine is used to produce narrow fabrics.


It is a type of automatic weaving machine in which the weaving machine takes the empty spool from the opening and automatically replaces it with a new spool inside the same opening. This conversion is done without stopping the machine. In this case, the weaving is limited to a loom and a colored weft yarn (called a weaving machine tube). Another type can be used for four colors in the fabric.


It is a type of shuttle-free weaving machine in which the yarn is pulled through a static source and pulled into the yarn opening through a bipod by a weaving needle. The warp is maintained in the reverse direction of the fabric by weaving or by pulling a locking string through a separate source.


This weaving machine is equipped with two or more shuttles that are used for weaving fabrics that include yarns of different sizes, twists or colors.